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Nag Panchami 2023: Date, Legends, Rituals, Celebrations and Historical Significance

Posted By ServDharm


Posted on July 10 2023

Nag Panchami is a revered Hindu festival that celebrates the worship of snakes, symbolising divine serpents in Hindu mythology. This auspicious occasion holds cultural significance and is observed with great devotion and fervour across different regions of India.

Let us embark on a journey into the mystical world of serpents, uncovering the captivating legends and rich cultural heritage associated with this unique festival.

When is Nag Panchami being celebrated in 2023?

Nag Panchami will be celebrated on Monday, 21 August, 2023.

It is celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Buddhists throughout India, Nepal and many other countries where devotees live. According to the Hindu calendar, prayers are offered on the fifth day of the bright half of the lunar month of Shravana.

1) Legends of Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is rooted in ancient Hindu mythology and folklore. One of the most popular legends is the story of Lord Krishna's victory over the serpent Kalia, who resided in the Yamuna River. The tale showcases Lord Krishna's divine powers and highlights the importance of respect for nature and all creatures, even the mighty serpents.

2) Serpent Worship in Hinduism

Serpents hold a significant place in Hindu mythology and are considered divine beings associated with fertility, protection, and wisdom. In Hinduism, serpents are worshipped as symbols of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu, and Nag Panchami provides devotees an opportunity to express reverence and seek their blessings.

3) Rituals and Observances

On Nag Panchami, devotees pay homage to serpents by offering prayers, milk, flowers, and other traditional offerings. People visit temples dedicated to snake deities, such as Naga Devta, and seek blessings for their well-being, prosperity, and protection from snake bites. Special ceremonies and rituals are performed to invoke the presence of Nagas and seek their divine blessings.

4) Iconography and Symbolism

The iconography of Nag Panchami includes snake motifs, idols, and images of serpents. They are adorned with vermillion, turmeric, and flowers to depict their divine nature. The snake symbolises Kundalini energy, representing spiritual awakening and transformation. The festival serves as a reminder of the power and significance of this potent energy within each individual.

5) Regional Variations

Nag Panchami is celebrated with regional variations across India. In some regions, live snakes are worshipped and carried in processions, while in others, clay or silver snake idols are worshipped. Each region adds its unique cultural flavour to the festival, incorporating local customs, rituals, and folklore associated with serpents.

6) Historical Significance

The tradition of serpent worship in India dates back to ancient times. Nag Panchami finds mentions in ancient scriptures, such as the Skanda Purana and the Mahabharata, highlighting its historical significance and the deep-rooted connection between serpents and spirituality in Indian culture.

7) Symbolism and Spiritual Significance

Beyond the legends and rituals, Nag Panchami holds profound spiritual symbolism. Serpents represent the kundalini energy that resides at the base of the spine and symbolise the unawakened potential within each individual. The festival serves as a reminder to awaken this dormant energy, transcending worldly limitations and connecting with the divine cosmic forces.

8) Environmental Conservation

Nag Panchami fosters an appreciation for nature and its creatures, emphasising the need for environmental conservation. Serpents play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance and are considered protectors of agricultural fields. The festival encourages respect for all creatures and promotes the conservation of their natural habitats.


Nag Panchami is a vibrant and spiritually enriching festival that celebrates the significance of serpents in Hindu mythology and culture. It reflects the deep-rooted connection between humans and nature and encourages devotion, respect, and harmony with all living beings. Nag Panchami provides an opportunity to delve into the captivating tales of serpent deities, partake in age-old rituals, and embrace the cultural significance of snake worship.

Celebrating Nag Panchami is an auspicious way to recognize the symbolism and spiritual teachings it holds. May this festival inspire us to acknowledge the divinity within all creatures, foster compassion for the environment, and awaken our own inner potential. Let us come together in reverence, celebrating the serpentine legends, customs, and rituals that have been passed down through generations, and in doing so, embrace the rich tapestry of Indian mythology and culture.

Nag Panchami is a joyous festival that pays homage to serpents, symbolising divine beings in Hindu mythology. With its epic tales, deep-rooted traditions, and spiritual significance, Nag Panchami allows us to appreciate the interconnectedness of all life forms and encourages us to cultivate respect and reverence for the natural world. May the celebrations of Nag Panchami fill our hearts with devotion, cultural pride, and a sense of unity with the mystical forces that shape our existence.

Written by Puja Paul




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